Cultivation Features Red Hot Cherry Peppers

red hot cherry peppers

Very beautiful early variety with fruits similar to small tomatoes. The bush is compact, up to 50 cm high when grown on a window or balcony, and up to 80 cm when grown in open ground and greenhouses. The variety is practically not affected by diseases, so it can grow in winter gardens or on a window for up to 2 years. Cherry-type fruits, about 3-4 cm in diameter, bright red in color.

Pepper facts

  • They are used fresh, dried and canned.
  • The pungency of the pepper depends on the light, the higher, the more pungent the fruits become.

Sowing soil

The soil for growing red hot cherry peppers must be moisture and breathable, fertile and loose. Pepper loves good soil moisture and is very bad for overheating and drying out.

Sowing seeds

Seeds must be disinfected and soaked before planting. You can disinfect in 1% solution of potassium permanganate (put it in a solution for 20-30 minutes, then rinse thoroughly with water), hydrogen peroxide, aloe, or solutions of biological products. After disinfection, seeds can be soaked in water or some kind of stimulant to increase germination. Seeds are sown in previously prepared containers to a depth of 1 cm. Seedlings of pepper seedlings appear on 5-15 days at a temperature of 25 ° -28 ° C. Dry seeds take longer to germinate. At temperatures below 15 ° C, the seeds will not sprout at all.

Lighting

Pepper is a light-loving plant, pepper seedlings require additional lighting.

Hardening

2-3 weeks before planting, the seedlings are taken out to the balcony, veranda, the vents are slightly opened (without drafts) so that the seedlings get used to the low temperature. During hardening, watch the weather conditions; pepper seedlings should not be allowed to get frozen or lowered temperature – for pepper it is below + 13 ° C.

Agrotechnics

Planting seedlings (features)

With the onset of stable warm weather (night temperatures do not fall below 10 ° С, and daytime temperatures are 15 -17 ° С). You can start planting seedlings in the greenhouse. Humus is introduced at the rate of 8-10 kg per square meter, superphosphate and potassium sulfate at 30-40 g. per 1 square meter (fertilizers can be applied immediately before planting, 1 teaspoon in each well).

Plant care and formation

The stem of the pepper is fragile, therefore, immediately after planting, the plant is tied to a peg and watered. Further care is reduced to watering (always with warm water), neat, shallow loosening (the root system of the pepper is located in the upper soil layer) and a little hilling for the growth of additional roots. For the formation of bushes, it is necessary to remove the first bud for better branching and the formation of additional shoots. Leave 3-4 stems on the plant, choose the two strongest of them, which must be tied up. The rest of the shoots are used only for the first harvests, leaving no more than two fruits on each.

Fertilizers and feeding

The first feeding is done two weeks after planting the seedlings – infusion of mullein (1:10), fermented grass. The second feeding after 7-10 days with a specialized fertilizer for tomatoes and peppers or other phosphorus-potassium fertilizer. Further feeding is done as needed. Usually they are carried out in the phase of flowering, fruiting and ripening of fruits. All root dressing should be carried out on wet soil, i.e. pre-watering the plant. The temperature of any solutions should be at least 20 ° C.

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